Background to the actions
Asian Development Bank (ADB) started the
Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development
in 1998 together with a number of Philippine Government Organizations. The program includes loans, technical assistance, and
parallel activities funded by ADB member countries like Sweden.
One of the key stake holders in the project is the Department of Environment and
Natural Resources, DENR.
Swedish International Development and Cooperation Agency
(Sida) is involved with a supporting project, a so-called Technical
"to strengthen and modernize the Air Quality
Management functions at the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
/ Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)"
with the first phase starting in September 1997 and a
second phase starting two years later.
Sida support also includes a Soft Loan.
The Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development
Program is a big project with nine main areas. The Sida support is focusing on
Chapter 6 of the Air Quality Action Plan, namely to "strengthen ambient air quality monitoring,
evaluation, and reporting". The Swedish support is formally a parallel
activity from a financial as well as technical point of view, but practically
the Swedish project is more or less integrated in the ADB project.
from the ADB Newsletter (100-98):
The Swedish International
Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has agreed to provide a mixed credit (Soft
Loan) for SEK 35 million (about US$ 4.5 million equivalent) and a TA grant of SEK
4.75 million (about US$600,000 equivalent) to support training for ambient air
quality monitoring and air dispersion modeling.
Swedish participation can be summarized as follows:
|Technical Assistance (TA) i.e.
Assistance (TA) 1 + 2:
Grant US$ 800,000.-.
building and other activities in the following 10 main areas:
support in the use of the already installed computerized Air
Quality Management System (the Airviro System);
continued support in the organizational and administrative development
in the area of Air Quality Management;
in the preparation and evaluation of the credit preparation, technical
specifications, bidding documents, etc. for the procurements under the
ADB loan and Sida Soft Loan to ensure a correct interface to the
in the continued building up of the emission database (EDB) over Metro
Manila Air Shed;
in the continued analyses and reporting of ambient air quality data;
in the work to produce basic "what-if scenarios" for the
simulation of ambient air quality effects of certain actions taken;
extensive training of the DENR/EMB staff as a part of the planned
enhancement of the general Air Quality Management activities;
out two seminars in the Philippines for the DENR/EMB and other
organizations involved in Air Quality Management activities;
the DENR/EMB in the following activities, which are parts of the ADB
loan and Sida Concessionary Credit financed activities; and
the necessary Project management for the implementation of the
Project. Reports. Meetings.
Loan SEK 35,000,000:- (US$ 4,000,000.- but varies with the exchange rate
The following main components are proposed to be included in the Sida Soft Loan.
Ambient air quality monitoring equipment;
Advanced meteorological equipment;
Passive sampler campaigns; and
LAN and AQM Information System support.
Swedish contribution and parts of the Air Quality Action Plan practically
includes a total gift from Sweden
of around US$ 3,600,000.-.
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