Unfortunately the project has mainly been characterized by one word: "Delay".

The project has gotten a reputation with practically all persons involved - directly or indirectly - that could be summarized as: SIGH...

The ironic - or perhaps significant thing - is the remark that is found on ADB's homepage regarding the project:

Philippines     LOAN: PHI 30480-01
Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program

The Government accords high priority to the Program

Most of the various activities under the ADB financing are heavily delayed. The part that has the most negative impact on the Swedish supported work is the lack of the installation of the ambient air quality monitoring network. Without the network in place, and consequently the ambient air quality data from the network, it is difficult to provide and accomplish the training and capacity building to the EMB staff as outlined in the Technical Assistance.

However, parts of the training have been accomplish utilizing data from other projects. Unfortunately, this gives a feeling like the training is a dry run while waiting for the real data. Some of the working staff at the EMB has gained a lot of knowledge and skills, but without the real data flowing into the office, it is hard to mobilize the real enthusiasm...

A comprehensive amount of work has been placed in the development of an Emission Database (EDB) for Metro Manila. The EDB now holds more than 1,500 point sources (industrial establishments) and is probably by far the most comprehensive and structured EDB available. The line source database (roads) includes around 350 road links. Since the sources include the major polluters and roads, it should principally cover the majority of the emissions from Metro Manila. Unfortunately the quality of the data is sometimes rather low for various reasons, which means that it is not possible to make emission simulations with high accuracy.

The picture shows the simulation of NOX emission from the main road network in the Emission Database. Such simulations can be used to calculate the effects on emission, and consequently on the ambient air quality, from various actions taken. (As an example of a successful project, similar simulations but with more accurate data have been carried out in Estonia. Please refer to the information about the Estonian project.)

The dispersion modeling (”what-if scenarios") has mainly been provided as a theoretical training due to the low quality of the emission data and the lack of ambient air quality data for validation.

A very successful part of the project has been the support to the Management Information Section (MIS). The MIS has built up a comprehensive Local Area Network (LAN) for the computers in the EMB, enabled e-mail functions for more than 100 of the EMB key staff, provided computer technical support in various ways to the EMB like service and maintenance and a computer policy, and last, but not least, a web page for the EMB.

The TA support finished in August 2002, and Sida will evaluate the results and potentially more positive outcome of a future project before any further actions will be taken.

Comment: An evaluation was accomplished in October 2004 and the report can be provided upon request.

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